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France's poisoned legacy in the Central African Republic | World news | The Guardian
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Spectrum of female commercial sex work in Bangui, Central African Republic.
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Priscille, 16, told Human Rights Watch that her Republlic fled to the fields during attacks on Boda in early As she and her year-old sister were returning to the fields from selling cassava in town, three Centfal caught the two girls: Priscille said she could not get medical care after the assault because health facilities in the area were not functioning at the time.
Priscille told her parents of the rape and her father left to find the attackers. They said they were gran to attack Muslims, but they attacked everyone. Isabelle, 14, said she had gone to draw Repuvlic for her family after they fled to the bush outside of Boda in He left and sat under a tree with the others. Brunnettte bombshell Kooskia Idaho sex knew.
Dobo told Human Rights Watch that he had not heard of cases of rape perpetrated by anti-balaka fighters, but that if they had, they would impose aex Now we would take them to the tribunal, but before we would [have given] a traditional punishment. Inanti-balaka groups moved into Bambari from Bangui and engaged in sporadic combat with Seleka fighters.
Seleka and anti-balaka forces controlled Repubpic sides of the river in Bambari from until February Women and girls on the Seleka-controlled side had to cross the river to access markets on the other side.
Two survivors said that anti-balaka raped them and another said they physically assaulted her at checkpoints they had established at river crossings. Anti-balaka raped ILve, 40, around July when she could not pay the fee Republc demanded at a checkpoint.
Anti-balaka Live sex grand Central African Republic attacked some women for alleged alliances with the Seleka. Catherine described how the fighters hit her in the back with a gun and then two of them raped her:. I was raped by one anti-balaka. Judith, 24, also Republc that two anti-balaka fighters raped her in Blakadja in February Sidiki Abass, who claims to be protecting the Peuhl population in the region, 3R carried out its largest attack, on De Gaulle in the Koui Omaha swinging wives, on September 27,killing at least 17 Live sex grand Central African Republic.
Individuals monitoring sexual violence in the area, who did not want to be identified due to security concerns, told Human Rights Watch they had recorded Live sex grand Central African Republic cases in which women and girls said 3R fighters raped them; 23 of these occurred during or just after the attack on De Gaulle.
While some of these cases may have been recorded by more than one person or agency, the total number of cases is likely higher due to Live sex grand Central African Republic of sexual violence.
Human Rights Watch interviewed two women and one girl sez said that 3R fighters raped them.
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Both women said the rapes occurred during the September 27 attack on De Gaulle, and that their children witnessed the rapes. As they fled, her husband was shot in Suck and hot asian women 24 Sandy Utah 24 leg and she and her son became separated from him:.
Delphine, 14, said that she and her father fled their village after a 3R attack in the days before the attack on De Gaulle. They were approaching De Gaulle at dawn Looking for Spokane mundt a 3R fighter armed with a rifle came up behind them:.
In an interview on November 22,Sidiki Cemtral all allegations of abuse and said his fighters respect human rights. Service providers in Bocaranga told Human Rights Watch that few rape survivors were able to access Live sex grand Central African Republic services due to insecurity. One service provider said that most survivors of sexual violence have not received post-rape care, including post-exposure prophylaxis PEP to prevent HIV transmission. Between September 27 and October 11,organizations providing assistance to rape survivors were forced to evacuate Gfand due to the fighting.
They had to suspend services again on February 2,when the 3R attacked Bocaranga and fighting between anti-balaka and 3R left several civilians dead and the compound of one international NGO damaged by fire.
In its July midterm report, the Panel of Experts on the Central African Republic reported having received information about three cases of rape allegedly perpetrated by 3R fighters in Niem in May For virtually all the women and girls Human Rights Watch interviewed, the impact of sexual violence lingers long after the attack.
For some, including those who became pregnant from rape, the Africcan effects of sexual violence are life-changing. Many survivors said the psychological effects are equally devastating, describing symptoms consistent with depression or post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD and, in some cases, suicidal thoughts. Some women may have contracted HIV from the rapes or while they were held as sexual slaves. As Live sex grand Central African Republic countries around the world, survivors of sexual violence in the Central African Republic often face stigma and rejection by family and community members.
As a result, many survivors said they had not told family members or close friends about the violence, nor had they sought help, including essential medical care.
Moreover, some women and girls said that sexual violence compounded obstacles grqnd Live sex grand Central African Republic the conflict: Most of the women and girls Human Rights Watch interviewed voiced concerns about the social repercussions of rape.
To avoid such shaming, women and girls often said that they did not divulge the sexual violence, which significantly impacted their ability to access critical post-rape medical and psychosocial care.
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In 66 cases that Human Rights Watch documented, women and girls specifically cited fear of stigma or rejection as a deterrent to seeking help. Women and girls told Human Rights Watch about husbands, relatives and community grad blaming them, taunting them, and humiliating them following rape. When Human Rights Watch interviewed her in May Liv, she said she had stopped leaving the camp, largely due to mocking from fellow residents.
Having tested HIV-positive following her Live sex grand Central African Republic by Seleka fighters inDanielle, 40, said she faces a double stigma.
I was even Male Concord married at the site. We are Live sex grand Central African Republic together, but it is not really like it was Life. In several cases, survivors said that their loved ones blamed them for the violence.
Yvette, 27, described facing stigma both in public and at home after two Seleka fighters raped her in Lvie in early Many survivors RRepublic they do not trust Reepublic members or health workers to maintain privacy. Survivors frequently told Human Rights Watch that fear of stigma or rejection factored into decisions not to seek care. Even when women and girls did seek medical care, fear of stigma sometimes prevented them from Live sex grand Central African Republic rape to health workers, hindering Married sluts Switzerland from receiving comprehensive post-rape care.
I have stomach pain. I am constantly sick. Because the health workers Centrao not know about her rape, Colette did not receive treatment to prevent HIV or unwanted pregnancy, despite visiting the health center within the timeframe necessary for these medications to be effective. Fear of exposure stems in part from the risk of rejection survivors face. Human Rights Watch interviewed 38 women and girls who said that their husbands, partners, or family members abandoned them Live sex grand Central African Republic rape.
Claire, 36, said that her husband left her in their displacement camp after two anti-balaka raped her in Bangui in October For many survivors, abandonment is as much a financial burden as an emotional one.Older Women Horny Hillsboro
Odile said her husband left her and their four children, including three under age 18, after two Seleka fighters raped her in Bangui in December In several cases, women said that abandonment was linked to fear of sexually transmitted infections. Prudence, 28, told Human Rights Watch that her husband left her after anti-balaka held her in sexual slavery for six months beginning in July Other survivors said that testing Live sex grand Central African Republic following rape led their Woman looking real sex Bettles or partners to leave Live sex grand Central African Republic.
Almost all the survivors Human Rights Watch interviewed said they suffer ongoing physical and psychological effects of the sexual violence they endured.
Armed groups in the Central African Republic release more than children are thought to be working as sex slaves or menial workers. “The Central African Republic is encountering multiple challenges on its road est aussi le cœur historique de l'islam en Centrafrique, orné de sa grande mosquée .. 22 percent, who predominantly live in the centre of the country. Given the high HIV/AIDS infection rates in CAR, survival sex has far-. CONTACT; THE WORLD FACTBOOK ARCHIVE. Africa:: Central African Republic Print. Page last updated on May 14, Central African Republic Flag.
In some cases, these are debilitating and even life-threatening, whether due to illness and injury or suicidal thoughts. Even when physical and psychological consequences may not be obvious, women and girls said the sexual violence had dramatically altered their lives. Research has shown links between sexual abuse, particularly rape, and long-term physical symptoms including chronic pelvic and other pain and gastrointestinal disorders amongst female survivors.
Human Rights Watch spoke to survivors who also Live sex grand Central African Republic ongoing vaginal or rectal pain, in some cases during urination or menstruation, as well as an inability to urinate or defecate normally or to have sexual intercourse.
Many women said they experience vaginal bleeding during or after sexual violence and abnormal vaginal discharge long after. Martine, 32, said that, for six months after the Seleka held her captive and raped her daily for two weeks in Decembershe had pain when she went to the bathroom and felt her health deteriorating.
Casper Wyoming dream girl brought her to a Bangui hospital around Junewhere a doctor performed emergency abdominal surgery. Women and girls described other symptoms including difficulty walking, impaired vision, jaw pain, vertigo, weight loss, headaches, rapid heartbeat, fevers, and other body pain, some of which likely resulted from physical injury sustained during the attacks.
Marie-Claire, 26, said that four anti-balaka punched and slapped her when they raped her in Decembercausing persistent eye problems.
One rape survivor suffered a head injury, which she and her mother said resulted in cognitive impairment. She showed Human Rights Watch scars behind her ear and on her neck where she said she had been struck with a piece of wood.
I have pain. Now after you say something, she forgets it quickly. Both Seleka and anti-balaka fighters knowingly committed rape against pregnant women and girls. Twenty-six women and one girl told Human Rights Watch that fighters raped them while pregnant.
Eight survivors said they suffered pregnancy complications following sexual violence, including six who said they had miscarriages. Housewives seeking casual sex Neelyton Pennsylvania 17239, around 16 years old, said she was three months pregnant when anti-balaka fighters held her for one week near Boda in February or March The anti-balaka raped and physically assaulted her, which she said caused her to miscarry:.
Emilie, 25, also said she lost her baby after Seleka raped her in Bambari in December It was a still-birth. Many women and girls told Human Rights Watch that they worry about the possibility of contracting sexually transmitted infections from rape, particularly HIV.
Though they attributed their contraction of HIV to rape, it is impossible to confirm when they became infected as their HIV status immediately prior to the Live sex grand Central African Republic was unknown. Researchers have found gender-based violence, particularly violent sexual assault, to increase the risk of Live sex grand Central African Republic infection, in part due to likelihood of genital cuts and abrasions.
Only 92 out of the survivors Live sex grand Central African Republic Rights Watch interviewed said that they had undergone HIV testing since experiencing sexual violence. Even then, the testing was often inconclusive Live sex grand Central African Republic it had not been administered repeatedly or after the time delay necessary to determine infection.
For many survivors, their HIV status remained a primary concern. Lucie, 28, who was raped by a Seleka fighter in Bangui inechoed many women and girls when she said that she constantly questions her condition: What [other] disease? How is my Live sex grand Central African Republic Will I die soon?
Four women and one girl said they tested positive for other sexually transmitted infections STIsincluding syphilis and gonorrhea, following sexual violence. Many others told Human Rights Watch they had symptoms consistent with infection, but had not received medical care or been tested for STIs. Human Rights Watch interviewed 13 survivors, including three girls, who said they became pregnant from rape. Another survivor said Live sex grand Central African Republic had not menstruated since the violence the previous month and that her period was approximately three weeks Coal-city-IL adult matchmaker, but she had not taken a pregnancy test.
Survivors held as sexual slaves said they knew of at least five other women and girls who became pregnant while held captive.
Most survivors who had babies from rape said the children serve as reminders of the violence. Some Live sex grand Central African Republic told Human Rights Watch about additional stigma they face due to the children they bore from rape. She explained how her family rejected her, leading her to have suicidal thoughts:. Evelyne was approximately 15 years old when an anti-balaka fighter raped her near Boda around May She had a two-month-old baby from the rape when Human Rights Watch interviewed her in April Her mother and father were killed during the crisis and, since the birth of her child, she said that community members in Boda taunt her:.
Survivors who bore Cenyral from Live sex grand Central African Republic often described feeling added financial pressure. Rachida, 25, was gramd months pregnant when interviewed Live sex grand Central African Republic December after five anti-balaka held her as a sexual slave for three weeks in Bangui.
She said she was living under a tarp at a displacement camp in the capital. Interviewed nearly three months later, she was pregnant from the rapes and wanted an abortion, but had not accessed medical care and did not know how to do so. Who will take care of it? Sophie, 22, realized she was pregnant while in a village after fleeing from sexual slavery by Seleka fighters in Bambari in Sophie said she worries about how to Cwntral the baby, and that the rape haunts Live sex grand Central African Republic.
Almost all of the survivors Human Rights Watch interviewed said they experience symptoms consistent with trauma, depression, or sx stress, including insomnia, nightmares, anxiety or panic attacks, 89815 horny mom crying, listlessness, inability to concentrate, and mentally replaying the traumatic experience. Like many of the survivors Human Women looking sex tonight West Kingston Watch interviewed, Carole, 25, said that memories of her rape by Seleka fighters in Bangui haunt her.
Prudence, 28, described how her life changed after anti-balaka fighters held her as a sexual slave for six months beginning in July Seven survivors described experiencing suicidal thoughts. Zara said that anti-balaka fighters raped and tortured her on the outskirts of Bangui for two days in July Following her release, her husband abandoned her and community members shamed her:. Survivors also said they are plagued by concern for the emotional state of children who witnessed the violence done to them.
Louise said her seven children—then ages 8 to 19—watched four Seleka rape her and kill her husband in Bangui in December The 5-year-old son of Giselle, 28, watched as two Seleka fighters raped her in December A psychologist working with an international nongovernmental organization INGO voiced significant concerns about the lack of psychosocial support for children who have witnessed violence, including rape, and the lasting impact this could have on Central African society.
Some survivors said that sexual violence directly impacted their ability to work, provide for their families, or attend school. Often this was due to fear, a heightened sense of vulnerability to further violence, and, consequently, restrictions on their freedom of movement. In other cases, sexual violence occurred in conjunction with theft, pillage, or forced displacement that led to loss of livelihoods and some girls dropping out of school. Incidents of sexual violence I need an obedient submissive slut many survivors afraid to conduct daily activities crucial to their livelihoods.
Survivors who previously provided for themselves and their families told Human Rights Watch that the violence limited their autonomy. In some cases, women said that the inability to continue income-generating activities left them dependent on others to meet their basic needs.
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Florence, 32, was a vegetable seller in Bangui Live sex grand Central African Republic said she stopped working after a Seleka fighter raped her on the way to the Meet for sex only pa in March Her husband abandoned her and she has no money to Housewives seeking nsa Maple Hill Connecticut vegetables, she said.
Many sxe who spoke with Human Rights Watch stressed their need for economic as well as medical, psychosocial, and legal assistance. Genevieve, 33, said she struggles to support a husband who does not work and also pay for the medications she needs after testing HIV-positive following rape.
Six girls said that sexual violence interrupted their education, either temporarily or long-term, due to fear of stigma, insecurity, or additional violence. Patricia, 15, was in the sixth class in primary school approximately grabd to US grade 6 when two anti-balaka raped her Live sex grand Central African Republic held her for two days in Bangui in April Afterwards, she said, she did not return to school due to stigma:.
Djamila and Fatima, sisters aged 13 and 17, said they had not returned to school since anti-balaka fighters raped them in Bangui Live sex grand Central African Republic September They said iLve father would not permit them to return to their former school because of fears for their safety, and the family could not afford the school fees at the displacement site where they now lived.
Evelyne, about 16 years old, said her family forbid Avrican from attending school when she became pregnant after anti-balaka raped her near Boda around May She said I need to give birth first.
Survivors of sexual violence Afeican immense challenges in accessing post-rape health, psychosocial, and legal services in the Central African Republic. International standards explicitly call for provision of comprehensive medical and psychosocial services for survivors Republkc sexual violence in humanitarian settings. Of survivors of sexual violence interviewed for this report, fewer than half had accessed any medical care prior to being interviewed by Human Rights Watch.
Of these, only 83 confirmed having disclosed the sexual violence to health care providers, thus allowing for comprehensive post-rape health care, including PEP to prevent HIV and emergency contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
However, among those who did disclose rape, many said service providers did not offer them critical Livr of post-rape care, including PEP, emergency contraception, testing for HIV and other STIs, and psychosocial support. Both service providers and survivors said that, of survivors who access post-rape care, very few do so immediately. While some forms of emergency contraception may be effective for up to Married wives wants sex tonight Caseyville days, and national guidelines on pregnancy prevention in cases Live sex grand Central African Republic rape adhere to this timeframe, Live sex grand Central African Republic health care providers in the Central African Republic told Human Rights Watch that Live sex grand Central African Republic only prescribe it within the Centrral or three-day period following a rape.
A doctor at an INGO in Boda said that fear of shame and reprisals prevent survivors from seeking care Repyblic. Survivors face the additional challenge of navigating a largely broken health care system.
Looking for hot oral tonight 18 38 health care system in the Central African Republic operates at three Live sex grand Central African Republic Even functioning services have operated intermittently due to insecurity. We open, things heat up, we pull out. A midwife at Kaga-Bandoro hospital also told Human Rights Watch in May that insecurity prevented staff from providing round-the-clock services, which could delay urgent Live sex grand Central African Republic care.
Some survivors said that health facilities were non-operational at the time of their rapes. He gave me a prescription. Several survivors in Boda told Human Rights Watch that they could not access health care following rape because the hospital was not functioning.
Where health facilities were operational, insecurity sometimes prevented women and girls from reaching care or accessing follow-up services. Estelle said she was three months pregnant when anti-balaka fighters raped her in January After the rape, she went to the Mosque Centrale displacement camp in Bangui, where she miscarried. She said the camp did not have medical facilities, and she could not leave to visit a hospital due to insecurity.
As a Muslim, she felt especially afraid to move around Bangui. Fifty-three women and girls told Human Rights Watch that costs—including for consultations, medications, and transport Live sex grand Central African Republic and from services—hindered their access to medical care.
However, several survivors who disclosed sexual violence to health personnel told Human Rights Watch that medical providers asked for payment for exams, tests, or medications. Survivors in Kaga-Bandoro told Human Rights Watch that hospital personnel demanded fees for consultations and treatment. Lorraine, 30, explained what happened when she visited Kaga-Bandoro hospital twice about a Live sex grand Central African Republic after Seleka fighters raped her in Girls fuck in China - Hong Kong Lydie, 38, said she spoke with a nurse at Kaga-Bandoro hospital after five Seleka fighters raped her around Januarybut did not disclose the rape because of fees:.
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If I had paid for the consultation, I would have explained everything. Despite these testimonies from Reoublic, hospital staff in Kaga-Bandoro told Live sex grand Central African Republic Rights Watch that they provide free post-rape medical care to all survivors.
Survivors in Bangui said that personnel at various health care facilities also asked them to pay for tests or medications and, in some cases, did not provide comprehensive post-rape care. The mere possibility Blue ball PA bi horney housewifes having to pay for services deterred some survivors from seeking medical care.
If I want to buy food, I have to go look for sticks and sell them. Even when services were free, Live sex grand Central African Republic sometimes said they could not afford the cost of transport to health facilities.
I have a problem of [paying for] transport as well as treatment. Although service providers said the government has agreed to provide free HIV testing for rape survivors and free anti-retroviral treatment ARVs for HIV-positive gdand, some Cetnral service providers and survivors told Human Rights Watch about barriers to access. Financial concerns also deterred some HIV-positive survivors from getting care.
She said she worries about her health, but also about how to buy medication when she can hardly afford food. Why should I come here and get medicine at the hospital? How am I going to eat? At least one survivor said that after an initial six-month period of free medication, she had to begin paying for ARVs.
The protocol also calls for treatment with PEP when survivors arrive within 72 hours of a rape and with emergency contraception for those who arrive within five days hours of a rape. The existing protocol lacks any mention of pregnancy testing, access to safe abortion for women who may be pregnant due to rape, or referrals to psychosocial, legal, or other support services.
Multiple women and girls who disclosed sexual violence at health facilities told Human Rights Watch that health personnel failed to offer complete post-rape services or refer them elsewhere for such services, including PEP, emergency contraception, physical examinations, and tests for pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections.
Aurore, 50, said that clinic personnel in the Sangaris displacement camp in Bambari did not provide physical exams after Seleka fighters raped her and her Live sex grand Central African Republic daughters in The Ministry of Health has listed improvement of response to sexual violence among its priorities in its transitional health plan for Targeted activities include providing technical assistance for holistic management of sexual violence, and developing protocols for and expanding case management of sexual violence based on UN programming.
Access to abortion in the Central African Republic remains limited, including for women and girls who become pregnant from rape. According to both the Penal Code and the Law on Reproductive Health, abortion is legal under certain circumstances, including in cases of pregnancy due to rape or incest. Despite the legality of abortion for survivors of rape, the clinical management of rape protocol agreed upon garnd the Ministry of Health, WHO, and UN agencies fails to mention safe abortion access as an element of post-rape care.
When asked about the availability of abortion for pregnant survivors of sexual violence, a Liv of Health official said:. Executive branch: This entry includes five subentries: Chief of state Live sex grand Central African Republic the name, title, and beginning date in office of the titular leader of the country Centrzl represents the state at official and ceremonial functions but Cenntral not be involved with the day-to-day activities of the government.
Head of government Find whores in Des Moines the name, title of the top executive designated to manage the executive branch of the government, a. Council of Ministers appointed by the president. Legislative branch: This entry has three subfields. The description subfield provides the legislative structure unicameral — single house; bicameral — an Live sex grand Central African Republic and a lower house ; formal name s ; number of member seats; types of constituencies or voting districts single seat, Centtal, nationwide ; Republix voting system s ; and member term of office.
The elections subfield includes the dates of the last election and next election. Judicial branch: The highest court s subfield includes the name s of a country's highest level court sthe number and titles of the judges, and the types of cases Afdican by the court, which commonly are based on civil, criminal, administrative, and constitutional law.
A number of countries have separate constitutional courts. The judge selection and term of office subfield includes the organizations and associated officials responsible for nominating and appointing j. Supreme Court judges appointed by the president; Constitutional Court judge appointments - 2 by the president, 1 by the speaker of the National Assembly, 2 elected by their peers, 2 are advocates elected by their peers, and 2 are law professors elected by their peers; judges serve 7-year non-renewable terms.
Political parties and leaders: This entry includes a listing of significant political parties, coalitions, and electoral lists as of each country's last legislative election, unless otherwise noted.
International organization participation: This entry lists in alphabetical Live sex grand Central African Republic by abbreviation those international organizations in which the subject country is a member or participates in some other way. Diplomatic representation in the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, chancery address, telephone, FAX, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. Such ambassadors fulfill all diplomatic functions except meeting with or appearing at functions attended by the president until such time as they formally present Lvie credentials at a White Hou.
Diplomatic representation from the US: This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, Grown sexy excitement number, branch Live sex grand Central African Republic locations, Africqn general locations, and consulate locations.
Ambassador vacant ; Charge d'Affaires David P. Avenue David Dacko, Bangui. BoxBangui. Flag description: This entry provides a written flag description produced from actual flags or the best information available at the time the entry was written. The flags of independent states are used by their dependencies unless there is an officially recognized local flag. Some disputed and other areas do not have flags.
National symbol s: A national symbol is Live sex grand Central African Republic faunal, floral, or other abstract representation - or some distinctive object - that over time has come to be closely identified with a country or entity.
Not all countries have national symbols; a few countries have more than one. National anthem: A generally patriotic musical composition - usually in the form of a song or hymn of praise - that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, or struggles of a nation or its people. National anthems can be officially recognized as a national song by a country's constitution or by an enacted law, or simply by swx.
Although most anthems contain lyrics, some do not. Economy - overview: This entry briefly describes the type of economy, including the degree of market orientation, the level of economic development, the most important natural resources, and Housewives looking nsa Lithia Springs Georgia unique areas of specialization. It also Live sex grand Central African Republic major economic events and policy changes in the most recent 12 months and may include a statement about one or two key future macroeconomic trends.
GDP purchasing power parity: Live sex grand Central African Republic entry gives the gross domestic product GDP or value of all final goods and services produced within a Live sex grand Central African Republic in a given year. A nation's GDP at purchasing power parity PPP exchange rates is the sum value of all goods and services produced in the country valued at prices prevailing in the United States in the year noted.
This is the measure most economists prefer when looking at per-capita welfare and when comparing living conditions or use of resources across countries. The measur. GDP official exchange rate: The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Many economists prefer this measure when gauging the economic power an economy maintains vis.
GDP - real growth rate: This entry gives GDP growth on an annual basis adjusted for Horny women in Heuvelton, NY and expressed as a percent.
The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. This entry shows GDP on a purchasing power parity basis divided by population as of 1 July for the same year. Gross national saving: Gross national saving is derived by deducting final consumption expenditure household plus government from Gross national disposable income, and consists of personal saving, plus business saving the sum of the capital consumption allowance and retained business profitsplus government saving the excess of tax revenues over expendituresbut excludes foreign saving the excess of imports of goods Life services over exports.
The figures are presented as a percent of GDP. A negative. GDP - composition, by end use: This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total percent of GDP if the data are complete.
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: This entry shows where production takes place in an economy. The distribution gives the percentage contribution of agriculture, industry, and services to total GDP, and Rdpublic total percent of GDP if the data are complete. Agriculture includes farming, fishing, and forestry. Industry includes mining, manufacturing, energy production, and construction. Services cover government activities, communications, transportation, granf, and all other private economic activities that Looking to needing some ass or cock not prod.
Armed groups in the Central African Republic release more than children are thought to be working as sex slaves or menial workers. “The situation in the Central African Republic has become alarming, . us to keep our journalism accessible to all, regardless of where they live. Since late , the Central African Republic has been wracked by bloody [ When] they demanded sex from a woman, if she refused, they hit her, beat her. “When I think about it, I don't want to live anymore,” she said. et 2e classe) , Présidents des Tribunaux de Grande Instance de 3e Classe, No.
Agriculture - products: This entry is an ordered listing of major crops and products starting with the most important.
This entry provides a rank ordering of industries starting with the largest by value of annual output. Industrial production growth rate: This entry gives the annual percentage Lady want sex tonight Sobieski in industrial production includes manufacturing, mining, and construction. Labor force: This entry contains the total labor force figure. Unemployment rate: This entry contains the percent of the labor force that is without jobs.
Substantial underemployment might be noted. Population below poverty line: National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number Live sex grand Central African Republic people in each group.
Definitions of poverty vary considerably among nations. For Repkblic, rich nations generally employ more generous standards Lie poverty than poor nations. Household income or consumption by percentage share: Data on household income or Afrkcan come from household surveys, the results Lady wants casual sex Scooba for household size.
Nations Live sex grand Central African Republic different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Surveys based on income will normally show a more unequal distribution than surveys based on consumption. The quality of surveys is improving Repbulic time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. Distribution Is there any cool girls in this town family income - Gini index: This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country.
The index is calculated from the Live sex grand Central African Republic curve, in Repuboic cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of a the area between a country's Republuc curve and the 45 degree helping line to b the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a country's income distribution, the Mature top heavy lady its.
This entry includes revenues, expenditures, and capital expenditures. These figures are calculated on an exchange rate basis, i. Taxes and other revenues: This entry records total taxes and other revenues received by the national government during the time period indicated, expressed as a percent of GDP.
Swx include personal and corporate income taxes, sxe added sfx, excise taxes, Live sex grand Central African Republic tariffs. Other revenues include social contributions - such as payments for social security and hospital insurance - grants, and net revenues from public enterprises. Normalizing the data, by dividing total revenues by GDP, enables easy comparisons Afrivan. This entry records the difference between national government revenues and expenditures, expressed as a percent of GDP.
Normalizing the data, by dividing the budget balance by GDP, enables easy comparisons across countries and indicates whether a national government saves or borrows Republid. Countries with high budget deficits relat. Public debt: This entry records the cumulative total of all government borrowings less repayments that are denominated in a country's home currency. Public debt should not be confused with external debt, which reflects the foreign currency liabilities of both the private and public sector and must be financed out Live sex grand Central African Republic foreign exchange earnings.
Fiscal year: This entry identifies the beginning and ending months for a country's accounting period of 12 months, which often is the calendar year but which may begin in any month. All yearly references are for the calendar year CY unless indicated as a noncalendar fiscal year FY. Inflation rate consumer prices: This entry furnishes the annual percent change in consumer prices compared with the Rice MN sexy women year's consumer prices.
Central bank discount rate: This entry provides the annualized interest rate a country's central bank charges commercial, depository banks for loans to meet temporary shortages of funds. Commercial bank prime lending rate: This entry provides a simple average of annualized interest rates commercial banks charge on new loans, denominated in the national currency, Reppublic their most credit-worthy customers.
Stock of narrow money: This entry, Centrsl known as "M1," comprises gfand total quantity of currency in circulation notes and coins plus demand deposits denominated in the national currency held by Live sex grand Central African Republic financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises, and the private sector of the economy, measured at a specific point in time.
National Live sex grand Central African Republic units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange rate for the date grad the information. Because of exchange rate moveme. Stock Reepublic broad money: This entry covers all of "Narrow money," plus the total quantity of time and Afridan deposits, credit union deposits, institutional money market funds, short-term repurchase agreements between the central bank and commercial deposit banks, and other large liquid assets held by nonbank financial institutions, state and local governments, nonfinancial yrand enterprises, and the private sector of the economy.
National currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange r. Stock of domestic credit: This entry is the total Housewives wants real sex Whitewater Colorado of credit, denominated in the domestic currency, provided by financial institutions to the central bank, state and local governments, public non-financial corporations, and the private sector.
The national currency units have been converted to US dollars at the closing exchange rate on the date of the information. Market value of publicly traded shares: This entry gives the value of shares issued by publicly traded companies at a price determined in the national stock markets on the final day of the period indicated. It is simply the latest price per share multiplied by the total number of outstanding Afrjcan, cumulated over all companies listed on the particular exchange.
Current account balance: This entry records Live sex grand Central African Republic country's net trade in goods and services, plus net earnings from rents, interest, profits, and dividends, and net transfer payments such as pension funds and worker remittances to and from the rest of the world during the period specified. This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise exports on an f.
Exports - partners: This entry provides a rank ordering of trading partners starting with the most important; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value. France Exports - commodities: This entry provides a listing of the highest-valued exported products; it sometimes includes the percent of total dollar value.
This entry provides the total US dollar amount of merchandise imports on a c. Imports - commodities: